What is the role of the transformer?

The transformer is a device that uses the principle of electromagnetic induction to change the AC voltage, and the main components are primary coils, secondary coils and iron cores (magnetic cores). The main functions are: voltage conversion, current conversion, impedance conversion, isolation, voltage regulation (magnetic saturation transformer). According to the use can be divided into: power transformer and special transformer (electric furnace transformer, rectifier, power frequency test transformer, voltage regulator, mine transformer, audio transformer, medium frequency transformer, high frequency transformer, impact transformer, instrument transformer, electronic transformer, reactor, transformer, etc.)

There are usually 3 kinds of classification of transformers, the first is divided according to the number of power phase, the second is divided according to the cooling method, and the third is divided according to the frequency of work, as follows:

The first type of division: according to the number of power supply phases can be divided into single-phase transformers, three-phase transformers, polyphase transformers.

The second type can be divided into dry transformer and oil immersed transformer according to the cooling method. The former is often a small capacity transformer, usually used in local lighting and other places, its cooling method is to cool it through air convection; The latter is generally used in large environment lighting and other places, using oil for cooling and self-cooling.

The third type can be divided into the following four types according to the working frequency:
1 Pulse transformer: usually appears in the pulse circuit, such as the line output transformer in our home TV is one of them.

2. Low-frequency transformer: transform voltage or impedance matching components, mainly audio transformers and power transformers.

3. Medium frequency transformer: also known as midcycle, not only has the characteristics of low frequency transformer, but also has the characteristics of resonance at a fixed frequency. It is used in a wide range of applications, such as radio, television medium frequency transformer and so on.

4. High-frequency transformer: there are also many useful, such as the magnetic antenna in the radio, the antenna impedance matcher in the TV, etc.

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